Cryotherapy has been used in medicine for many years and offers the most successful, safe, reliable, and effective treatment for many clients with less likelihood of scarring or recurrence than some other treatment methods. The procedure can be carried out after an initial consultation and only takes a few minutes.
Cryotherapy is an innovation in the fast, effective and safe removal of various skin imperfections. It works by emitting a fine jet of Nitro Oxide Gas under high pressure, with millimetre precision. This destroys the targeted tissue by freezing the inter-cellular fluid, forming ice shards and crystals, which in turn rupture the membrane and destroy the cell. The precise and accurate nature of the treatment also means there is no damage to any surrounding healthy tissue.
The skin concerns Cryotherapy is able to treat are now considered cosmetic procedures, and so are no longer longer available on the NHS. Cryotherapy allows easy access for patients to have these procedures carried out quickly, safely and effectively at an affordable price.
The advantages of Cryotherapy are
■ Rapid process - Treatment only takes 1-2 minutes
■ Sterile - No incision or skin cutting, no bleeding, zero risk of infection (from the treatment)
■ Analgesic effect- Extreme cold reduces pain perception due to nerve effects
■ Safe - Little to no collateral skin damage
■ Excellent results - Well established in the medical field, used for well over 200 years, accepted as the gold standard treatment to remove most skin lesions
Areas of concern that can be treated with Cryotherapy:
■ Flat pigmentation, age and sun damage spots - If the patch of pigment is the same texture and flat as normal skin this can be treated using Cryotherapy. These patches are caused by exposure to UV light, causing an increase in melanin production by the melanocyte cells.
■ Skin tags - These are small flaps of skin, that protrude and hang away from the flat of the skin. They are benign and are not at all dangerous. They are most likely caused by bilateral rubbing as they are usually seen in places with friction.
■ Warts & Verrucae - Warts and Verrucae are caused by the same strain of the Human Papilloma Virus. The virus only affects the outer layer of the skin, the stratum corneum, it does not invade the underlying layers.
■ Milia - These are generally small raised pearly bumps often seen around the eyes, or on the cheeks and forehead. But they can appear anywhere on the body.
■ Cherry angioma - These may also be called blood spots or Campbell de Morgan. They are generally found on people over the age of 30 and the cause is unknown. They are benign and are easily treated. They are made up of a proliferation of small blood vessels, which loop through the epidermis to be seen on the surface of the skin. Cryotherapy treatment will most often remove the lesion with a single treatment.
Prices For This Treatment
- Prices from - £50
TREATMENT AT A GLANCE
Return back to work
Immediately (minimal downtime)
For best results
Most lesions only require one treatment, a follow up appointment is made to assess the results
Test patch required
Duration of results
Risks or complications
Tenderness, ulceration, pigmentation, numbness, and hair loss
Result Depend on maintenance needed as each patient responds differently to the treatment and the skincare products we recommend for use at home.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
CryoPen® is a medical procedure which involves the application of nitrous oxide gas under high pressure to the skin where the unwanted lesions are frozen and destroyed. The tip of the Cryopen® may reach as low as -89oC although the aim is to create a thermal shock to the tissue which involves a rapid drop of temperature. This has the effect of crystallising the contents of the body cells leading to destruction of the skin lesion. The duration of the treatment is dependent on the size and nature of the lesion, but generally each lesion just takes a matter of seconds. It is usual to see a frost or ice-field appear on the top of the lesion during treatment. A ‘freeze-thaw-freeze’ approach is often used when the lesion is frozen, allowed to defrost for a few seconds and then a second treatment applied. Although it is best to try to leave the treated area uncovered, a plaster or simple dressing may be applied if it is in an area which may lead to rubbing and aggravation.
A follow up visit is recommended after 2-4 weeks to assess response to treatment and further application if required. Over the following days, a scab will often form and the lesion may become a little red and angry looking. This will usually resolve over 1-4 weeks and the area remaining will often return to normal, although it is possible to develop a small area of scarring or change in skin colour. Lesions treated on the legs often take a little more time to heal. It is important not to pick at the scab as this may lead to scarring.
The safety of cryotherapy has long been established and the risk of complications is lower than many other treatments.
No anaesthetic is required for cryotherapy and it is usually very well tolerated with only minimal discomfort. During the procedure, mild discomfort may be experienced that is similar to the pressure with a ball point pen on the skin although pain can be more intense as more freezing is applied. There is sometimes some residual stinging after treatment which may last for several minutes. Following the treatment, the skin lesion will become red and sore, there may be some blistering and occasionally a scab may form. If a deeper freeze is required, this can sometimes cause a greater degree of pain which may be immediately following treatment and for a variable time afterwards. Simple analgesia can be taken if necessary.
Cryotherapy is considered a low-risk procedure however following treatment, there may be some pigment change seen at the treated area. The area may become lighter (hypopigmentation) or darker (hyperpigmentation) than the surrounding skin. Often pigment changes will improve over a number of months although they can sometimes persist indefinitely. The risk of pigment change is higher with darker skin types.
When a skin lesion is located near a superficial nerve (such as the fingers, wrists, behind the ears), following treatment there may be some nerve damage. This may result in numbness, tingling or hypersensitivity. Reports suggest that nerve damage will often resolve within several months.
As hair follicles are easily damaged by cryotherapy, it is not unusual for there to be an area of alopecia (baldness) in the area that has been treated,
Although the CryoPen® is very accurate, as the freezing effect spreads out, there may be some minor damage and inflammation to surrounding skin to ensure that the whole lesion is successfully treated.
Following the treatment, it is normal to experience a residual stinging which can last for up to an hour. After this, the area will often become a little red, swollen, and sore and a blister may develop. There may be some weeping from the wound and a scab may develop. It is important not to pick at the wound as this may result in scarring. As the wound heals, the skin lesion will diminish or disappear. A follow up appointment will be made, and further treatment applied if necessary. Sometimes the original skin lesion may reappear over time and require further treatment.
If you have any concerns that the wound may look infected (increasing redness or pain, yellow discharge or pus) then we would ask you to book an appointment with us for a review at the earliest opportunity.
CryoPen® is a medical procedure which involves the application of nitrous oxide gas at a temperature of -89oC to freeze and selectively destroy unwanted skin lesions.
Following the treatment, it is normal to experience a residual stinging which can last for up to an hour. After this, the area will often become a little red and sore and a blister may develop. There may be some weeping from the wound and a scab may develop. It is important not to pick at the wound as this may result in scarring. We do not recommend covering the area with a dressing or plaster unless we have otherwise advised you to do so. If you have any concerns that the wound may look infected, then we would ask you to book an appointment with us for a review at the earliest opportunity. Healing will tend to occur over a 1-to-6-week period and more than one treatment is often needed.
During the healing process, the treated area may develop some pigment change, either darker (hyperpigmentation) or lighter (hypopigmentation). This will generally improve over a period of a few months but sometimes may persist indefinitely. If pigment change occurs, we recommend you book a review appointment with us so that we can advise you accordingly.
Rarely freezing can cause some irritation to some of the small nerves in the skin and lead to an area of numbness, tingling or hypersensitivity. These symptoms will generally improve over a period of weeks or months but if the sensation is problematic, it is best to book an appointment to discuss with the practitioner.
- These will turn darker from the base and will dry up and fall off as the skin heals beneath them over 1 to 6 weeks.
- Larger tags may require a second treatment.
- If the tag becomes sore or rubs off against clothing it may be covered with a dressing or plaster.
- These are generally small superficial cysts filled with keratin that will usually flatten and vanish with a single treatment and require no aftercare.
- Follow the advice for blisters should one form.
The area will often become red and raised, but will go down after a few hours. The pigment will then become darker and a dry crust will form. When the crust falls away the new skin underneath will be pink and shiny. It is important at this stage that you use sunblock minimum factor 50 to prevent the pigmentation returning.
- The area will often become red and raised, but will go down after a few hours.
- The lesion will shrink away and lowly vanish over 2 to 4 weeks.
- As these are viral infections they may require more than one treatment to destroy the infected cells.
- The second treatment can be completed 4 weeks after the first.
- If you see black spots in the wart or verrucae then it is dying away and should disappear over the following weeks.
- Follow the advice for blisters should one form.
Blistering may occur after treatment of any type of lesion. Any blisters that do form may last just a few hours or a few days dependant of the location that has been treated. Any blistering will not affect the outcome of the treatment. If blistering does occur, it is regarded as a normal occurrence - do not pop the blister, it will go down on its own. Should it burst, use a non-alcoholic wipe to clean the area, and apply a smear of antiseptic cream. It may also be covered with a dressing/plaster.